• Birds

Gibraltar Bird List

This list gives all the 310 species known to have occurred in Gibraltar, with the exception of those represented only in the fossil record.

The list of birds has been officially adopted by the European Union (for its EU Bird List).The taxonomy follows the HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World volume 1 (del Hoyo & Collar 2014).
The status of each species is summarised briefly. Fuller details are given in "The Birds of Gibraltar" (by J E Cortes, J.C Finlayson, E.F.J Garcia & M.A.J. Mosquera, 1980, The Gibraltar Bookshop) and subsequent GONHS publications. The terms used here, and in the annual Gibraltar Bird Reports, have the following definitions;

Vagrant: Exceptional at any time in southern Iberia (including Gibraltar), e.g. Allen’s Gallinule.

Local Vagrant: Exceptional in Gibraltar but not unusual in southern Spain, e.g. Woodpigeon, Moorhen.

Rare: Seldom recorded in Gibraltar or anywhere in southern Spain, e.g. Alpine Chough and Fieldfare.

Occasional: Seen infrequently and not annually e.g. Rufous Bush Chat.

Regular: Annual in small numbers. e.g. Red-necked Nightjar.

Common: Annual and sometimes numerous, e.g.Black Redstart.

Status Categories (Codes)

The Status Categories (Codes) are those used for the British and other national lists.

  • A Recorded in an apparently natural state at least once since 1st January 1950.
  • B Recorded in an apparently natural state but not since 31st December 1949.
  • C Introduced by man or derived from introduced populations elsewhere.
  • D As A or B but possibly ship-assisted, escaped or released.

New EU Bird List

The taxonomy in the HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World volume 1 (del Hoyo & Collar 2014) has been officially adopted by the European Union (for its EU Bird List). This follows a similar decision by the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (in COP 11, November 2014) to adopt it "as the standard reference for bird taxonomy and nomenclature for non-passerine species"

 

SCIENTIFIC NAME
ENGLISH
STATUS
 CODE
PHASIANIDAE  Pheasants

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coturnix coturnix

Common Quail

Occasional: migrant

A

Alectoris barbara

Barbary Partridge

Resident

A

Phasianus colchicus

Common Pheasant

Local vagrant

C

 

 

 

 

ANATIDAE  Geese & Ducks

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anser anser

Greylag Goose

Local vagrant: migrant

A

Somateria mollissima

Common Eider

Vagrant

A

Melanitta nigra

Common Scoter

Occasional: winter

A

Mergus serrator

Red-breasted Merganser

Local vagrant: winter

A

Tadorna tadorna

Common Shelduck

Local vagrant: migrant

A

Aythya fuligula

Tufted Duck

Local vagrant: winter

B

Aythya marila

Greater Scaup

Local vagrant: winter

B

Spatula querquedula

Garganey

Local vagrant: migrant

A

Mareca strepera

Gadwall

Local vagrant: migrant

A

Mareca penelope

Eurasian Wigeon

Local vagrant: migrant

A

Anas platyrhynchos

Mallard

Local vagrant: migrant

A

Anas acuta

Northern Pintail

Local vagrant: migrant

A

Anas crecca

Common Teal

Local vagrant: migrant

A

 

 

 

 

PODICIPEDIDAE  Grebes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tachybaptus ruficollis

Little Grebe

Local vagrant

A

Podiceps nigricollis

Black-necked Grebe

Occasional: winter

A

 

 

 

 

PHOENICOPTERIDAE  Flamingoes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phoenicopterus roseus

Greater Flamingo

Irregular migrant, usually annual

A

 

 

 

 

COLUMBIDAE  Pigeons

 

 

 

 

 

 

Columba livia

Rock Dove

Rare (Feral birds common.)

A

Columba oenas

Stock Dove

Local vagrant

A

Columba palumbus

Common Woodpigeon

Local vagrant

A

Streptopelia turtur

European Turtle-dove

Regular but scarce migrant

A

Streptopelia decaocto

Eurasian Collared-Dove

Common resident

A

 

 

 

 

PTEROCLIDAE  Sandgrouse

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pterocles alchata

Pin-tailed Sandgrouse

Local vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

CAPRIMULGIDAE  Nightjars

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caprimulgus ruficollis

Red-necked Nightjar

Regular migrant

A

Caprimulgus europaeus

European Nightjar

Regular migrant

A

 

 

 

 

APODIDAE  Swifts

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tachymarptis melba

Alpine Swift

Regular but scarce migrant. Scarce summer resident

A

Apus caffer

White-rumped Swift

Local vagrant

A

Apus affinis

Little Swift

Local vagrant

A

Apus pallidus

Pallid Swift

Common migrant & summer resident

A

Apus apus

Common Swift

Common migrant & summer resident

A

 

 

 

 

CUCULIDAE  Cuckoos

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clamator glandarius

Great Spotted Cuckoo

Occasional migrant

A

Cuculus canorus

Common Cuckoo

Occasional migrant

A

 

 

 

 

RALLIDAE  Rails

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zapornia pusilla

Baillon's Crake

Local vagrant

A

Porphyrio porphyrio

Purple Swamphen

Local vagrant

A

Porphyrio alleni

Allen’s Gallinule

Vagrant

A

Gallinula chloropus

Common Moorhen

Local vagrant

A

Fulica atra

Common Coot

Formerly in winter

B

 

 

 

 

GRUIDAE  Cranes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grus grus

Common Crane

Occasional & irregular migrant

A

 

 

 

 

OTIDIDAE  Bustards

 

 

 

 

 

 

Otis tarda

Great Bustard

Local vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

GAVIIDAE  Divers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gavia stellata

Red-throated Diver

Local vagrant: winter

B

Gavia arctica

Black-throated Diver

Local vagrant: winter

B

Gavia immer

Great Northern Diver

Local vagrant: winter

A

 

 

 

 

HYDROBATIDAE  Northern Storm-Petrels

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hydrobates pelagicus

European Storm-petrel

Regular offshore, mainly summer

A

Oceanodroma leucorhous

Leach’s Storm Petrel

Rare, late autumn & winter

A

 

 

 

 

PROCELLARIIDAE  Petrels & Shearwaters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Daption capense

Cape Petrel

Vagrant

A

Ardenna grisea

Sooty Shearwater

Rare autumn migrant

A

Ardenna gravis

Great Shearwater

Very rare autumn migrant

A

Calonectris diomedea

Scopoli's Shearwater

Regular, mainly on passage.

A

Calonectris borealis

Cory’s Shearwater

Common March–October. Most numerous in summer

A

Puffinus yelkouan

Levantine Shearwater

Regular, mainly in late summer and autumn.

A

Puffinus mauretanicus

Balearic Shearwater

All year, esp. summer: migrant

A

Puffinus  lherminieri

Audubon's Shearwater

Vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

CICONIIDAE  Storks

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ciconia nigra

Black Stork

Common migrant

A

Ciconia ciconia

White Stork

Common migrant

A

 

 

 

 

THRESKIORNITHIDAE  Ibises & Spoonbills

 

 

 

 

Platalea leucorodia

Eurasian Spoonbill

Local vagrant

A

Plegadis falcinellus

Glossy Ibis

Local vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

ARDEIDAE  Herons

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ixobrychus minutus

Common Little Bittern

Local vagrant: migrant

A

Nycticorax nycticorax

Black-crowned Night Heron

Occasional migrant

A

Ardeola ralloides

Squacco Heron

Local vagrant: migrant

A

Bubulcus ibis

Cattle Egret

Occasional: migrant & in winter

A

Ardea cinerea

Grey Heron

Occasional: migrant & in winter

A

Ardea purpurea

Purple Heron

Occasional migrant

A

Egretta garzetta

Little Egret

Occasional: migrant & in winter

A

 

 

 

 

SULIDAE  Gannets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Morus bassanus

Northern Gannet

All year, esp. winter & passage

A

 

 

 

 

PHALACROCORACIDAE  Cormorants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phalacrocorax aristotelis

European Shag

Several pairs resident

A

Phalacrocorax carbo

Great Cormorant

Regular in small numbers, mainly winter

A

 

 

 

 

BURHINIDAE  Thick-knees

 

 

 

 

 

 

Burhinus oedicnemus

Eurasian Stone-curlew

Occasional: migrant

A

 

 

 

 

HAEMATOPODIDAE  Oystercatcher

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Haematopus ostralegus

Eurasian Oystercatcher

Occasional: migrant

A

 

 

 

 

RECURVIROSTRIDAE  Stilts & Avocets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recurvirostra avosetta

Pied Avocet

Occasional: migrant

A

Himantopus himantopus

Black-winged Stilt

Occasional: migrant

A

 

 

 

 

CHARADRIIDAE  Plovers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pluvialis squatarola

Grey Plover

Local vagrant

A

Pluvialis apricaria

Eurasian Golden Plover

Local vagrant

A

Charadrius hiaticula

Common Ringed Plover

Occasional: migrant & winter

A

Charadrius alexandrinus

Kentish Plover

Local vagrant. Has bred

A

Vanellus vanellus

Northern Lapwing

Irregular: in winter

A

 

 

 

 

SCOLOPACIDAE  Sandpipers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numenius phaeopus

Whimbrel

Regular migrant & winter

A

Numenius arquata

Eurasian Curlew

Local vagrant

A

Limosa lapponica

Bar-tailed Godwit

Local vagrant

A

Limosa limosa

Black-tailed Godwit

Local vagrant

A

Arenaria interpres

Turnstone

Regular, mainly winter

A

Calidris canutus

Red Knot

Local vagrant

A

Calidris ferruginea

Curlew Sandpiper

Local vagrant

A

Calidris alba

Sanderling

Regular, mainly winter

A

Calidris alpina

Dunlin

Local vagrant

A

Calidris maritima

Purple Sandpiper

Local vagrant

A

Calidris minuta

Little Stint

Local vagrant

A

Scolopax rusticola

Eurasian Woodcock

Occasional: winter

A

Gallinago gallinago

Common Snipe

Local vagrant

A

Lymnocryptes minimus

Jack Snipe

Local vagrant

A

Actitis hypoleucos

Common Sandpiper

Regular migrant. Occasional: winter

A

Phalaropus lobatus

Red-necked Phalarope

Vagrant

B

Phalaropus fulicarius

Grey Phalarope

Rare: winter

A

Tringa ochropus

Green Sandpiper

Local vagrant

A

Tringa totanus

Common Redshank

Local vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GLAREOLIDAE  Pratincoles

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glareola pratincola

Collared Pratincole

Local vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

LARIDAE  Gulls and terns

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hydrocoloeus minutus

Little Gull

Occasional:  migrant & winter

A

Xema sabini

Sabine’s Gull

Vagrant

A

Rissa tridactyla

Black-legged Kittiwake

Occasional: migrant & winter

A

Larus genei

Slender-billed Gull

Local vagrant

A

Larus ridibundus

Black-headed Gull

Common: migrant & winter

A

Larus cirrocephalus

Grey-headed Gull

Vagrant

A

Larus atricilla

Laughing Gull

Vagrant

A

Larus melanocephalus

Mediterranean Gull

Common: migrant & winter

A

Larus audouinii

Audouin’s Gull

Common migrant. Some remain in winter

A

Larus delawarensis

Ring-billed Gull

Vagrant

A

Larus canus

Mew Gull

Vagrant in winter

A

Larus fuscus

Lesser Black-backed Gull

Regular migrant & winter

A

Larus argentatus

European Herring Gull

Vagrant in winter

A

Larus michahellis

Yellow-legged Gull

Common resident

A

Larus glaucoides

Iceland Gull

Vagrant

A

Larus marinus

Great Black-backed Gull

Vagrant in winter

A

Sternula albifrons

Little Tern

Occasional: migrant

A

Gelochelidon nilotica

Common Gull-billed Tern

Occasional: migrant

A

Hydroprogne caspia

Caspian Tern

Occasional: migrant

A

Chlidonias hybrida

Whiskered Tern

Local vagrant

A

Chlidonias leucopterus

White-winged Black Tern

Vagrant

A

Chlidonias niger

Black Tern

Common migrant

A

Sterna dougallii

Roseate Tern

Local vagrant

A

Sterna hirundo

Common Tern

Common migrant

A

Sterna paradisaea

Arctic Tern

Local vagrant

A

Thalasseus bengalensis

Lesser Crested Tern

Occasional: migrant

A

Thalasseus sandvicensis

Sandwich Tern

Common: migrant & winter

A

Thalasseus maximus

Royal Tern

Vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

STERCORARIIDAE  Skuas

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stercorarius parasiticus

Arctic Skua

Occasional: mainly migrant

A

Stercorarius pomarinus

Pomarine Skua

Occasional: migrant

A

Catharacta skua

Great Skua

Present all year. Common migrant

A

 

 

 

 

ALCIDAE  Auks

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fratercula arctica

Atlantic Puffin

Common migrant

A

Alca torda

Razorbill

Common: winter & migrant

A

Uria aalge

Common Guillemot

Rare: winter

A

 

 

 

 

TYTONIDAE  Barn-Owls

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tyto alba

Common Barn-owl

Occasional: migrant. May occasionally breed

A

 

 

 

 

STRIGIDAE  Owls

 

 

 

 

 

 

Athene noctua

Little Owl

Scarce resident

A

Otus scops

Eurasian Scops-owl

Common migrant. Has bred

A

Asio otus

Northern Long-eared Owl

Local vagrant

A

Asio flammeus

Short-eared Owl

Local vagrant

A

Strix aluco

Tawny Owl

Occasional: winter. May breed occasionally

A

Bubo bubo

Eurasian Eagle-owl

Recently re-established resident

A

 

 

 

 

PANDIONIDAE  Osprey

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pandion haliaetus

Osprey

Regular migrant. Occasional: winter

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ACCIPITRIDAE Broad-winged raptors

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elanus caeruleus

Black-winged Kite

Local vagrant, migrant

A

Pernis apivorus

European Honey-buzzard

Common migrant

A

Gypaetus barbatus

Bearded Vulture

Vagrant

A

Neophron percnopterus

Egyptian Vulture

Regular migrant

A

Circaetus gallicus

Short-toed Snake-eagle

Common migrant. Occasional: winter

A

Gyps rueppelli

Rüppell's Vulture

Vagrant

A

Gyps fulvus

Griffon Vulture

Common migrant

A

Aegypius monachus

Eurasian Black Vulture

Occasional: migrant

A

Clanga pomarina

Lesser Spotted Eagle

Vagrant

A

Clanga clanga

Greater Spotted Eagle

Vagrant

A

Aquila nipalensis

Steppe Eagle

Vagrant

A

Aquila adalberti

Spanish Imperial Eagle

Local vagrant

A

Aquila chrysaetos

Golden Eagle

Local vagrant

A

Aquila fasciata

Bonelli’s Eagle

Occasional

A

Hieraaetus pennatus

Booted Eagle

Common migrant. Occasional: winter

A

Circus aeruginosus

Western Marsh-harrier

Common migrant

A

Circus cyaneus

Hen Harrier

Annual but scarce migrant

A

Circus macrourus

Pallid Harrier

Vagrant

A

Circus pygargus

Montagu’s Harrier

Common migrant

A

Accipiter nisus

Eurasian Sparrowhawk

Common migrant

A

Accipiter gentilis

Northern Goshawk

Occasional: migrant

A

Milvus milvus

Red Kite

Annual but very scarce migrant

A

Milvus migrans

Black Kite

Common migrant

A

Buteo buteo

Common Buzzard

Annual but scarce migrant. Occasional: winter

A

Buteo rufinus

Long-legged Buzzard

Vagrant. Has wintered

A

 

 

 

 

UPUPIDAE  Hoopoes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Upupa epops

Common Hoopoe

Common migrant

A

 

 

 

 

MEROPIDAE  Bee-eaters

 

 

 

 

 

 

Merops persicus

Blue-cheeked Bee-eater

Vagrant

A

Merops apiaster

European Bee-eater

Common migrant

A

 

 

 

 

CORACIIDAE  Rollers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coracias garrulus

European Roller

Occasional: migrant

A

 

 

 

 

ALCEDINIDAE  Kingfishers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alcedo atthis

Common Kingfisher

Regular but scarce migrant & winter.

A

 

 

 

 

PICIDAE  Woodpeckers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jynx torquilla

Eurasian Wryneck

Regular but scarce migrant. Occasional: winter

A

Picus sharpei

Iberian Green Woodpecker

Local vagrant

A

Dendrocopos major

Great Spotted Woodpecker

Local vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

FALCONIDAE  Falcons

 

 

 

 

 

 

Falco naumanni

Lesser Kestrel

Regular migrant. Few breed. Occasional: winter

A

Falco tinnunculus

Common Kestrel

Resident & common migrant

A

Falco vespertinus

Red-footed Falcon

Vagrant

A

Falco eleonorae

Eleonora’s Falcon

Regular but scarce in late summer

A

Falco columbarius

Merlin

Occasional: migrant

A

Falco subbuteo

Eurasian Hobby

Regular but scarce migrant

A

Falco biarmicus

Lanner Falcon

Regular but scarce migrant

A

Falco cherrug

Saker Falcon

Vagrant/Rare migrant

A

Falco peregrinus

Peregrine Falcon

Resident. Some migrants occur.

A

 

 

 

 

ORIOLIDAE Orioles

 

     

 Oriolus oriolus

 Eurasian Golden Oriole

 Regular migrant

 A

         
LANIIDAE  Shrikes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lanius collurio

Red-backed Shrike

Vagrant

A

 

Lanius meridionalis

Southern Grey Shrike

Local vagrant

A

 

Lanius senator

Woodchat Shrike

Common migrant. Has bred

A

 

Lanius nubicus

Masked Shrike

Vagrant

B

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CORVIDAE  Crows

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Red-billed Chough Local vagrant
A
 
Pyrrhocorax graculus Alpine Chough Rare migrant
A
 
Garrulus glandarius Eurasian Jay Rare
B
 

Pica pica

Eurasian  Magpie

Rare

A

 

Corvus monedula

Eurasian  Jackdaw

Occasional. Has bred

A

 

Corvus albus

Pied Crow

Vagrant

D

 

Corvus corone

Carrion Crow

Vagrant

A

 

Corvus corax

Common Raven

Regular. Former resident

A

 

Corvus splendens

House Crow

Vagrant

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

PARIDAE  Tits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Periparus ater

Coal Tit

Local vagrant

A

 

Lophophanes cristatus

Crested Tit

Local vagrant

A

 

Cyanistes caeruleus

Eurasian Blue Tit

Common resident

A

 

Parus major

Great Tit

Scarce resident

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

ALAUDIDAE  Larks

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alaudala rufescens

Lesser Short-toed Lark

Local vagrant

A

 

Melanocorypha calandra

Calandra Lark

Local vagrant

A

 

Calandrella brachydactyla

Greater Short-toed Lark

Occasional: migrant

A

 

Lullula arborea

Woodlark

Occasional: migrant

A

 

Alauda arvensis

Eurasian Skylark

Regular but scarce migrant. Occasional: winter

A

 

Galerida theklae

Thekla’s Lark

Regular but scarce in winter

A

 

Galerida cristata

Crested Lark

Regular but scarce in winter

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

CISTICOLIDAE  Cisticolas and allies

 

 

 

 

Cisticola juncidis

Zitting Cisticola

Regular: migrant & winter. Has bred.

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

ACROCEPHALIDAE  Reed-warblers

 

 

 

 

Iduna opaca

Western Olivaceous Warbler

Occasional: migrant

A

 

Hippolais polyglotta

Melodious Warbler

Common migrant

A

 

Hippolais icterina

Icterine Warbler

Vagrant

A

 

Acrocephalus schoenobaenus

Sedge Warbler

Local vagrant

A

 

Acrocephalus dumetorum

Blyth’s Reed-warbler

Vagrant

A

 

Acrocephalus scirpaceus

Common Reed-warbler

Common migrant

A

 

Acrocephalus arundinaceus

Great Reed-warbler

Local vagrant

A

 

Locustella luscinoides

Savi’s Warbler

Local vagrant

A

 

Locustella naevia

Common Grasshopper-warbler

Occasional: migrant

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

HIRUNDINIDAE  Swallows and Martins

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Delichon urbicum

Northern House Martin

Common migrant. Scarce summer resident

A

 

Cecropis daurica

Red-rumped Swallow

Common migrant. Has bred.

A

 

Hirundo rustica

Barn Swallow

Common migrant. Formerly bred.

A

 

Ptyonoprogne rupestris

Eurasian Crag Martin

Common migrant & winter. Has bred.

A

 

Riparia riparia

Collared Sand Martin

Regular but scarce migrant

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PHYLLOSCOPIDAE  Leaf-warblers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phylloscopus bonelli

Western Bonelli’s Warbler

Common migrant

A

 

Phylloscopus sibilatrix

Wood Warbler

Occasional: migrant

A

 

Phylloscopus inornatus

Yellow-browed Warbler

Vagrant

A

 

Phylloscopus proregulus

Pallas’s Leaf-warbler

Vagrant

A

 

Phylloscopus fuscatus

Dusky Warbler

Vagrant

A

 

Phylloscopus trochilus

Willow Warbler

Common migrant

A

 

Phylloscopus ibericus

Iberian Chiffchaff

Common migrant

A

 

Phylloscopus collybita

Common Chiffchaff

Common: migrant & winter

A

 

Phylloscopus borealis

Arctic Warbler

Vagrant

A

 

Phylloscopus sindianus

Mountain Chiffchaff

Vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

SCOTOCERCIDAE Bush-warblers

 

 

 

 

Cettia cetti

Cetti’s Warbler

Local vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

AEGITHALIDAE  Long-tailed Tits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aegithalos caudatus

Long-tailed Tit

Local vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

SYLVIIDAE Old World Warblers

 

 

 

 

Sylvia atricapilla

Eurasian Blackcap

Common: resident, migrant & winter

A

 

Sylvia borin

Garden Warbler

Common migrant

A

 

Sylvia hortensis

Western Orphean Warbler

Common migrant

A

 

Sylvia curruca

Lesser Whitethroat

Vagrant

A

 

Sylvia melanocephala

Sardinian Warbler

Common resident

A

 

Sylvia cantillans

Subalpine Warbler

Common migrant

A

 

Sylvia communis

Common Whitethroat

Common migrant

A

 

Sylvia conspicillata

Spectacled Warbler

Regular migrant. Has bred

A

 

Sylvia sarda

Marmora's Warbler

Vagrant

A

 

Sylvia undata

Dartford Warbler

Common migrant. Occasional: winter.

A

 

Sylvia deserticola

Tristram’s Warbler

Vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SITTIDAE  Nuthatches

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tichodroma muraria

Wallcreeper

Local vagrant: winter

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

CERTHIIDAE  Treecreepers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Certhia brachydactyla

Short-toed Treecreeper

Occasional: migrant & winter

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

TROGLODYTIDAE  Wrens

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Troglodytes troglodytes

Wren

Common resident

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

STURNIDAE  Starlings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sturnus vulgaris

Common Starling

Common in some winters

A

 

Sturnus unicolor

Spotless Starling

Common resident

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

TURDIDAE  Thrushes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turdus viscivorus

Mistle Thrush

Local vagrant

A

 

Turdus philomelos

Song Thrush

Common: migrant & winter

A

 

Turdus iliacus

Redwing

Occasional: migrant

A

 

Turdus merula

Eurasian Blackbird

Common resident

A

 

Turdus pilaris

Fieldfare

Rare migrant

A

 

Turdus torquatus

Ring Ouzel

Occasional: migrant

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

MUSCICAPIDAE Old World Flycatchers and Chats

 

 

 

 

Cercotrichas galactotes

Rufous-tailed Scrub-robin

Occasional: migrant

A

 

Muscicapa striata

Spotted Flycatcher

Common migrant. Some breed

A

 

Erithacus rubecula

Robin

Common: migrant & winter. Has bred.

A

 

Cyanecula svecica

Bluethroat

Occasional: migrant

A

 

Luscinia megarhynchos

Common Nightingale

Common migrant. Has bred

A

 

Ficedula parva

Red-breasted Flycatcher

Vagrant

A

 

Ficedula hypoleuca

European Pied Flycatcher

Common migrant

A

 

Phoenicurus ochruros

Black Redstart

Common: migrant & winter

A

 

Phoenicurus phoenicurus

Common Redstart

Common migrant

A

 

Monticola saxatilis

Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush

Occasional: migrant

A

 

Monticola solitarius

Blue Rock-thrush

Scarce resident

A

 

Saxicola rubetra

Whinchat

Common migrant

A

 

Saxicola torquatus

Common Stonechat

Common: migrant & winter

A

 

Oenanthe oenanthe

Northern Wheatear

Common migrant

A

 

Oenanthe seebohmi

Black-throated Wheatear

Vagrant

A

 

Oenanthe deserti

Desert Wheatear

Vagrant

A

 

Oenanthe hispanica

Black-eared Wheatear

Common migrant

A

 

Oenanthe leucura

Black Wheatear

Former resident

B

 

 

 

 

 

 

REGULIDAE Kinglets and Firecrests

 

 

 

 

Regulus regulus

Goldcrest

Rare: migrant

A

 

Regulus ignicapilla

Common Firecrest

Regular but scarce: migrant & winter

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRUNELLIDAE  Accentors

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prunella collaris

Alpine Accentor

Occasional: winter

A

 

Prunella modularis

Dunnock

Occasional: winter

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

ESTRILDIDAE  Waxbills

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Estrilda astrild

Common Waxbill

Local vagrant

C

 

 

 

 

 

 

PASSERIDAE  Old World Sparrows

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Passer domesticus

House Sparrow

Common resident

A

 

Passer hispaniolensis

Spanish Sparrow

Occasional: migrant

A

 

Passer montanus

Eurasian Tree Sparrow

Occasional: migrant

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MOTACILLIDAE  Pipits & Wagtails

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anthus trivialis

Tree Pipit

Regular migrant

A

 

Anthus cervinus

Red-throated Pipit

Vagrant

A

 

Anthus pratensis

Meadow Pipit

Common: migrant & winter

A

 

Anthus spinoletta

Water Pipit

Local vagrant. Migrant

A

 

Anthus petrosus

Rock Pipit

Vagrant

A

 

Anthus richardi

Richard’s Pipit

Vagrant

A

 

Anthus campestris

Tawny Pipit

Regular migrant

A

 

Motacilla flava

Western Yellow Wagtail

Regular but scarce migrant

A

 

Motacilla cinerea

Grey Wagtail

Regular but scarce: migrant & winter. Has bred

A

 

Motacilla alba

White Wagtail

Regular but scarce migrant. Regular: winter. Some breed

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

FRINGILLIDAE  Finches

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fringilla coelebs

Common Chaffinch

Common: migrant & winter

A

 

Fringilla montifringilla

Brambling

Occasional: migrant

A

 

Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Hawfinch

Local vagrant

A

 

Carpodacus erythrinus

Common Rosefinch

Vagrant

A

 

Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Eurasian Bullfinch

Rare

A

 

Bucanetes githagineus

Trumpeter Finch

Local vagrant

A

 

Chloris chloris

European Greenfinch

Common migrant & winter. Some resident

A

 

Linaria cannabina

Common Linnet

Common migrant

A

 

Loxia curvirostra

Red Crossbill

Occasional

A

 

Carduelis carduelis

European Goldfinch

Common migrant & winter. Has bred

A

 

Serinus serinus

European Serin

Common migrant & winter. Has bred

A

 

Carduelis spinus

Eurasian Siskin

Regular but scarce migrant. Occasional: winter

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

EMBERIZIDAE  Old World Buntings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emberiza calandra

Corn Bunting

Occasional: migrant & winter

A

 

Emberiza cia

Rock Bunting

Occasional: mainly in winter. Has bred

A

 

Emberiza hortulana

Ortolan Bunting

Occasional: migrant

A

 

Emberiza cirlus

Cirl Bunting

Occasional: migrant

A

 

Emberiza citrinella

Yellowhammer

Rare: migrant

A

 

Emberiza leucocephalos

Pine Bunting

Vagrant

A

 

Emberiza schoeniclus

Reed Bunting

Local vagrant

A

 

Emberiza pusilla

Little Bunting

Vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

PASSERELLIDAE New World Sparrows

 

 

 

 

Junco hyemalis

Dark-eyed Junco

Vagrant

D

 

Zonotrichia albicollis

White-throated Sparrow

Vagrant

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

ICTERIDAE New World Blackbirds

 

 

 

 

Dolichonyx oryzivorous

Bobolink

Vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

CARDINALIDAE Cardinals

 

 

 

 

Passerina cyanea

Indigo Bunting

Vagrant

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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