Birds, Flora, Fauna of Gibraltar     Natural history society and ornithology of Gibraltar Gibraltar Wildlife Projects
Gibraltar Barbary Apes, Macaques, Monekys The Gibraltar Ornithological and Natural History Society The Gibraltar Ornithological and Natural History Society Birds, bird watching and other diverse fauna Gibraltar's rich variety of flora and fauna
Gibraltar Ornithology, Nature, and Wildlife The Rock's natural history

Experience Nature for Yourself.

The Gibraltar Ornithological & Natural History Society is active in a wide range of areas to do with nature.

Strait Of Gibraltar Bird Observatory

This is the name we give to the group of GONHS members who primarily devote themselves to bird watching and bird ringing as well as other ornithological studies. Members bird watch regularly, both in Gibraltar and in Spain. During the spring migration in particular, great use is made of the premises at Jews' Gate on the Upper Rock. During days with westerly winds the birdwatchers gather to observe the impressive passage of birds of prey. In summer, the main activity is the watching of seabird passage, virtually every afternoon from Europa Point. All GONHS members are welcome to join in these activities.

                                                                                                                                                                        White Stork

Bird Ringing                                                                                                                                                                    

During easterly winds, the bird-ringers of the Gibraltar Ringing Group are out with their nets, catching birds to ring and release and so to increase our knowledge of migratory birds.

                                                   (Genus Phylloscopus)
                                                    left to right - Bonelli's Warbler, Wood Warbler, Iberian Chiffchaff.

Marine Section

The Society encourages the study of marine life, be it on the shore (contact "eric" at or in the high seas. Some of the members undertake scientific research, but there are opportunities to find out about seashore life, dolphins, fish, and other marine species. Divers are also welcome. Ongoing projects include the building of artificial reefs. The sister charity "The Helping Hand " and its vessel NIMO carries out research and recreational touring (including dolphin watching).

                                              A Common Dolphin and the disastrous consequences of fishing nets.

Mammal Studies

Gibraltar's mammals allow an opportunity for study. Members have in the past helped in surveys and setting up of boxes for bats.

In recent years an informal bat group has begun work on surveying bats. This has included monthly counts of Schreiber's bats at the surviving colony's roost and occasional surveys of pipistrelles and European free-tailed bats. If you are interested in bats, or have information regarding roosts or sightings, please contact "bats" at GONHS has also been active in promoting European Bat Night in Gibraltar, under the Eurobats agreement.

There is a great deal more work to be done in promoting the well-being of our mammals, notably our bats and rabbits, both of which are in decline, and in establishing the status of other species in Gibraltar, notably the red fox. Re-introduction projects are also under way.

Botanical Section

Gibraltar's flora is rich and varied and very beautiful. GONHS provides an opportunity to learn more about the flowers of the Rock and the surrounding area. Flowers are highlighted during outings and there is a chance also to accompany the botanists in the field, especially through the spring. Vegetation clearing and other active conservation projects are also carried out.   If interested, please contact "plants" at


                                                                  Successful revegetation of the eastern slopes.


Raptor Rehabilitation Unit

More than a section, the Raptor Rehabilitation Unit is a specialised unit dealing with the rehabilitation primarily of birds of prey, but of other birds also. Gulls and falcons regularly injure migrant birds of prey, others are taken illegally and need help to get back to the wild. This unit deals with this. Help in this work is always needed, and there is an opportunity here to get involved in practical conservation work. GONHS also looks after parrots and monkeys and other animals confiscated from illegal trade.

Invertebrate Section

Invertebrates abound in Gibraltar, and these even include some endemic species.  The GONHS includes a small but very active Invertebrate Section.  Interests within the section include Molluscs, Isopods, Coleoptera (beetles), Lepidoptera (Butterflies & Moths) and Odonata (Dragonflies & Damselflies).  Amongst the aims of the Invertebrate Section, one of the most prominent recently has been the cataloguing of Gibraltar’s largely unexplored invertebrate fauna.  The section is also very keen on identifying habitats that are of particular importance to invertebrates, particularly rarer species, with a view to making recommendations on their management and conservation. If interested, please contact "invertebrates" at


Caves and Cliffs Section

Composed of experienced and skilled climbers who provide a wide and varied supporting role, like rescuing birds on cliffs, seeking out rare plants, cleaning inaccessible areas.  Also involved in research into the climate of caves and climate as recorded in caves. If interested, please contact "cavesandcliffs" at


And Anything Else

Although there is no formal section, there is certainly information and advice available to persons interested in other aspects of natural.